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Health Care Reporting Requirements for Business

Smart business owners know the importance of keeping good records. The Affordable Care Act has created one more incentive for employers to keep abreast of sometimes complicated reporting requirements, by requiring them to provide information about company-provided health care to both their employees and the government.

Not all of the law’s employer responsibility provisions have been implemented yet. Nevertheless, it makes good business sense to establish effective systems to meet obligations that are likely to be rolled out soon. Acting early will give business owners more time to iron out any wrinkles before the law comes to bear.

Reporting to Employees

The Affordable Care Act requires most employers to report the cost of any employer-sponsored group of health care. This requirement applies to all employers who provide what the government defines as “applicable coverage,” even if the employers are religious organizations or are not subject to Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA) requirements. Small businesses issuing fewer than 250 Forms W-2 total are exempt from the reporting requirement until further guidance is issued.

Affected employers are not required to issue Forms W-2 to workers who would not normally receive one, such as retirees, simply to fulfill the requirement. For terminated employees, employers may use any reasonable method to report partial-year coverage, as long as the method is applied consistently. For employees who voluntarily leave and request Forms W-2 in writing prior to year-end, employers must provide the forms within 30 days of the request, but are not required to report the health benefit amounts.

Proposed Section 6056 regulations from the Internal Revenue Service would mainly affect reporting to the Service, though they would also require employers to notify employees in writing of any employee-related information shared with the IRS. These statements will need to be provided annually by January 31. Note that these regulations are still under discussion, and that there is a chance Form W-2 reporting alone could satisfy the requirement. Nevertheless, employers should pay attention to how the final regulations are worded.